The “Metro of Sfax” project consists in a new public transport network for Sfax metropolitan area, including 2 tram lines and 3 BRT lines for a total of 70km, and other transport facilities. The whole project, costing up to TND 2 800 million, would be implemented in stages from 2022 to 2030.
The agglomeration of Sfax, a port city located about 270 km from Tunis, is the second urban pole of the country. The seven municipalities constituting the agglomeration are home to more than 500,000 inhabitants, representing 1/12th of the country population.
Limited to the East by the Mediterranean Sea, the growth of the agglomeration follows a semicircle plan centered on the Medina (old town) of Sfax, spreading nearly 13 km from the coast, along 14 radial roads.
This residential growth coupled with the concentration of economic activities and major equipment in the city center generates daily, large flows of traffic from the suburbs to the center. Almost two thirds of motorized trips are made by private car or taxi. The urban transport network in the agglomeration of Sfax, accounting for 21% of motorized trips, no longer meets the needs of the population and is now requiring greater efficiency.
In this context, many studies have been carried out to improve the management of urban mobility (PDRT, SORETRAS study, bus lanes for Taparura project, etc.). To reverse the trend and optimize public transport use, the Ministry of Transport and local stakeholders intend to reorganize the transport network based on an Exclusive Right-of-Way (ERW) system.
In 2014, a feasibility study carried out by Egis/I2E, funded by European Investment Bank for the Ministry of Transport, selected the most appropriate project as being a 5-line network, including 2 tram lines and 3 BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) lines. This network, together with a multi-modal hub and 12 Park and Ride facilities will be entirely realized in 2029/2030.
This project is currently studied by the consortium Systra/STUDI International for further details.
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Project stage info
Stage 1: Initial Government Announcement
Ministry of Transport Tunisia
Form of project announcement
The area covered by the future network is characterized by the following socio-economic features:
. More than 500,000 inhabitants within
Km 11 Ring Road (more than 50% in Sfax municipality)
. A very high density of population within the Km 4 Ring Road (30% of the population) and in three satellite areas located south, along the road to Thyna, west, along the roads to the airport and to Mharza, and north, between the roads to Sidi Mansour and to Saltania
. 55% of households do not have a car
. A concentration of public services and more than 200,000 jobs (40% within Majida Boulila belt road - core city center)
. Strong economic activity in the south-west zone and along the north-east coastline (university, industrial areas)
. More than 100,000 pupils and 40,000 students in the area,
. Three major universities located west (road to the airport), north-east (Sidi-Mansour) ad north (El Ons);
. Public services and facilities
. Renovated airport in the west
. Regional cultural, health and sport centers concentrated in the city center.
In addition, several projects in progress are likely to have an impact on the traffic flows in the medium term:
. Major economic and housing projects along the northern coast (Taparura), south (requalification of coastal areas) and near the Km 11 Ring Road (El Ons and Mansourah)
. New areas that may eventually host more than 120,700 inhabitants and 32,000 jobs, representing 22% of the population and 17% of the jobs in the area covered by the future network
. A potential transfer of the population and economic activities from the city center to the suburbs in the medium and long term.
Indicative timetable of project development
Due to important investment costs and their impacts on the project socio-economic profitability, as well as the important works that will disturb the urban life and, in particular, will disturb road traffic by hindering car and bus traffic flows, the network is unlikely to be implemented in a single phase. In order to take into account these constraints, the project will be realised in four phases.
. The first phase, scheduled for 2022 (2016 estimate) includes a first section of the tram line T1, with a terminus at Chihiya (13.5 km long) and five main bus lines prefiguring the network in 2030 and improving public transportation throughout Sfax agglomeration;
. The second phase, scheduled for 2024, will concern the realisation of the tram line T2, in the city center and Gremda Road, servicing at least the dense area north of Km4 Ring Road;
. The third phase, scheduled for 2026, will deal with the extension of the tram line T1 to the north, depending on the development of El Ons area;
. The fourth phase, scheduled for 2030, will include the extension of the tram line T2 and the completion of the three BRT lines, in an order depending on the evolution of the agglomeration.
There are no Project documents available at this time
Project looking for additional PPF assistance
Project looking for additional MDB assistance
Is project multi jurisdictional?
Stage 2: Project Investigation
979.3 M USD 2,800 M TND
Indicative Funding Source
Not Yet Known
Have any external advisors been appointed yet
Details of Advisors appointed
Is the project contained in national/sub national infrastructure plan or strategy
Plan/Strategy Document URL:
Opportunity for Private Sector Involvement
Construction, Not yet known